Even though there is not much of a difference between HTML and XHTML, web designers or developers and those who have in depth knowledge about web development agree that there are some subtle differences between the two markup languages. Even though these differences are subtle, they can still have an impact on the outcome of your website.
PSD to HTML and PSD to XHTML are the two most widely used conversion methods in the present times. In order to convert a PSD file you have created into an online readable, feature rich website you need to have a conversion done from a PSD file. The basic difference between these 2 conversions is the fact that the CSS (cascading style sheet) for HTML and XHTML are different. Apart from this difference, the other subtle differences between HTML and XHTML can be divided into 5 major categories, which are explained below.
1. Use of Tags – Times New Roman,serif;”>The basis of HTML is SGML, which allowed HTML to remove some of the tags from the web page. On the contrary, XHTML is based on the XML format and XML provides no such permission to XHTML, to avoid or omit a tag.
2. Minimization of Attributes – Times New Roman,serif;”>The minimization of attributes is supported by HTML while in XHTML it is strictly against practice and it does not allow attribute minimization.
3. Semantic Coding – This is one of the major differences as semantic coding helps in making your website search engine friendly by making it easier for the search engine bots to locate your site and index it. HTML does not follow semantic coding to a large extent however XHTML extensively uses this feature and all the elements in XHTML are closed properly.
4. Relative Strictness - XHTML is considered to be a little stricter than HTML in terms of coding.
5. Incorporation of Shorthand Notations – XHTML allows the incorporation of shorthand notation in the elements that are empty while no such feature is given to us by HTML.
XHTML is a new and improved version of HTML. XHTML coding is a little advantageous over HTML coding as the former provides better operation and allows sites to be viewed on any platform without a problem. Sites which use PSD to XHTML conversions are generally better operating and have clean and crisp coding without any fuss. On the other hand, before the development of XHTML, PSD to HTML was one of the only conversion possibilities to make responsive websites. However, the PSD to HTML conversions suffered a few problems such as tags in specific browsers which made coding difficult and the visibility of the site was hindered in some browsers.
With the advent of PSD to XHTML conversions, these loopholes have been successfully cleared and highly responsive, feature rich websites with rich Search Engine Optimization capabilities have become a reality. Even though the new and improved XHTML seems to have advantages over HTML conversions, the choice of the markup language depends on the needs of the person and therefore, there are cases when PSD to HTML might be a better option than PSD to XHTML. If you need any assistance or guidance with either of these conversions, please feel free to reach out to the team at ConvertPSDfiles.
By: Yusuf JavedApril 2nd, 2016